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Taxi Driver Profile


This Section of the site details information that you might find useful if you are looking to secure employment or require further details regarding working as a Taxi Driver. This page details the following Information:-

  • Finding Suitable Work as a Taxi Driver
  • Working Duties Expected
  • Hours and Environment
  • Working Skills Required
  • Training Requirements
  • Salary Expectations
  • Trade Information
  • Other useful Taxi Driver Work Information

    Finding Suitable Work

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    Working Duties Expected

    Taxi drivers drive either traditional black cabs, known as "hackney carriages", or minicabs, known as "private hire vehicles". They pick up passengers and drive them to their destination, charging a fare and taking payment. They work out the fastest and most efficient route, and drive to the destination. Drivers may help load and unload passengers'' luggage.

    Minicab drivers are linked by radio to an operating centre, which relays details of where to pick up the next customer.

    Hackney carriage drivers may also be linked by radio to an operating centre. In addition, they are allowed to either wait at a taxi rank or drive around near railway stations, airports, shopping centres, hotels, pubs and clubs, or any areas where pedestrians may want to hire a taxi.

    They must ensure their vehicle is in a clean and roadworthy condition. Those who are self-employed have to keep accounts and deal with tax returns.

    Hours and Environment:

    There are no restrictions on the hours a taxi driver can work, although European legislation may soon change this. Many work part-time in addition to another job or while studying. Most work is available on Friday and Saturday nights. Some private hire operators run a shift system to make sure drivers receive a fair workload.

    The majority of the time is spent in the vehicle.

    Skills and Interests:

    To be a taxi driver, you should:

    • be an experienced and safe driver
    • have a good memory to get to know your area, including every street and many major buildings, and the one-way systems and quickest routes from one place to the next
    • be able to manage and plan your own time
    • be a good communicator with all types of people
    • be calm enough to drive safely even when the customer is in a hurry and the traffic is congested
    • be able to deal calmly but assertively with the occasional angry, hostile or drunken passenger
    • be numerate enough to handle money and change and, if self-employed, to keep accounts
    • be able to understand the laws and regulations under which you hold your licence, as well as insurance requirements.


    No formal qualifications are necessary to become a taxi driver. However, you must obtain a licence to operate from your local licensing authority (there are 387 in England, Wales and Scotland, plus the Public Carriage Office in London and the Department of the Environment in Northern Ireland). Every licensing authority has its own conditions of licence.

    For a hackney carriage (taxi) licence, you must be 21 or over, have held a full EU driving licence for at least 12 months, and be able to drive a taxi competently and safely. You must show you are a fit and proper person, meaning that you are responsible and reliable, without certain types of criminal conviction. A police check is required on your criminal record for any unspent offences.

    You have to pass a medical test to show you are physically and mentally fit. Applicants have to pass a test on their knowledge of the routes in the local area - in London it can take up to three years to learn all the routes required; you have to learn this in your own time.

    For a private hire vehicle licence, you must have held a full EU driving licence for 12 months, pass a medical and make a declaration regarding any criminal convictions. In some areas, you have to pass a Knowledge test. If you wish to act as an operator for yourself rather than receive work through an operator, you also have to obtain an operators licence, which has its own requirements.

    If you are under 25 it may be difficult to obtain the necessary insurance.

    There is no upper age limit for entry into this line of work, although in some cases medical examinations may be required on a yearly basis.


    In some regions, local licensing authorities run training schemes to help would-be drivers meet the requirements of their licence. The schemes typically cover how to apply for the licence, radio procedures, customer care, basic mechanics, law and local geography.


    Opportunities are available in every part of the country, but most work is in the large towns and cities. In many areas there are waiting lists to gain a hackney carriage licence, as these are limited, but there is no limit to the number of private hire vehicle licences available.

    Most drivers are self-employed and have bought their own vehicle. Alternatively, they may be employed by an operating company, which owns the vehicles and then progress to buying and driving their own vehicle. Self-employed drivers, can progress to become an operator and increase earnings by running a private hire firm, employing other drivers.

    This is a growing industry, and drivers are always wanted. However, there can be competition for business in certain areas.

    Annual Income:

    Figures are intended as a guideline only. There is no average income for taxi drivers as earnings depend on the fares charged, the number of journeys made, and the hours worked.

    Some taxi drivers earn less than £5,000 a year.
    A successful taxi driver working an average 40-hour week in a major city could expect to earn around £12,000 a year. A few taxi drivers earn up to £30,000 a year.

    Further information:

    National Private Hire Association
    8 Silver Street
    BL9 0EX
    Tel: 0161 280 2800

    Private Hire, Hackney Carriage and Chauffeur Industry Training Organisation
    14 Widdrington Terrace
    North Shields
    NE29 0BZ
    Tel: 0191 258 1955

    Concorde House
    Trinity Park
    B37 7UQ
    Tel: 0121 635 5520

  • Other Useful Taxi Driver Work Information

    We have a section available at this site on Taxi Driver job interview tips that you may find of interest should you wish to brush up your skills in this area and we also have number of career articles that may also be of use to you from within our guides and documents section.

    Locations where we feature Jobs include:-
    Aberdeen, Berkshire, Aberdeen, Bath, Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Birmingham, Bradford, Bristol, Cambridgeshire, Cardiff, Central London, Cheltenham, Cornwall, Coventry, Derby, Devon, Docklands, Dorset, Dundee, Durham, East Midlands, East Sussex, Edinburgh, Essex, Glasgow, Gloucester, Hampshire, Hertfordshire, Kent, Lancashire, Leeds, Leicester, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Middlesbrough, Midlands and in various parts of the West Midlands

    Details of other Taxi Driver Jobs can also be found in other UK wide areas including:-
    Milton Keynes, Newcastle, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Norfolk, North London, North Midlands, Northampton, Northamptonshire, Northern Ireland, Northumberland, Norwich, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Plymouth, Salisbury, Scotland, Sheffield, Shropshire, Somerset, South East, South London, South Midlands, Southampton, Staffordshire Surrey, Swansea, Swindon, Telford, Wales, Warwickshire, West End, West London, West Midlands, Worcestershire, York and throughout Yorkshire.

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