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Geologist Profile


This Section of the site details information that you might find useful if you are looking to secure employment or require further details regarding working as a Geologist. This page details the following Information:-

  • Finding Suitable Work as a Geologist
  • Working Duties Expected
  • Hours and Environment
  • Working Skills Required
  • Training Requirements
  • Salary Expectations
  • Trade Information
  • Other useful Geologist Work Information

Finding Suitable Work

This website features a volume of Job vacancies advertised on behalf of a number of different employers and specialist recruiters that post vacancies on a regular basis so you can start your search for work right here:-

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We feature many Geologist Jobs live online at this site and these posts are updated daily. Please book mark this page and return here on a regular basis or register with our site for Jobs by email so that you don't miss out on the latest work opportunities.

Working Duties Expected

Geologists study the structure and composition of rocks and minerals by analysing samples and conducting surveys. Their findings are used to assess the commercial potential, viability and impact of operations such as drilling and construction, and to compile data on the probability of hazards such as subsidence or earthquakes. Methods used include drilling, seismic surveying, satellite and aerial imagery, and electromagnetic measurement.

The information geologists gather has applications in a number of industries, including:

  • the petrochemical industry
  • mining and quarrying
  • the water industry
  • civil engineering
  • environmental protection.

Hours and Environment

The hours a geologist works will depend on the type of geological work being undertaken. Some projects may mean normal office hours are worked, with occasional evening or weekend work to meet deadlines.

Where the work includes direct involvement in exploration, surveying and production, a geologist may have to work very long hours, possibly in very demanding conditions and in remote locations. A mining geologist will often work underground in wet and dirty conditions.

Work is conducted both in laboratories and offices, and in the open on land or at sea. Periods from a few days up to several months away from home are common, and can involve foreign travel. Protective clothing and safety equipment is necessary for certain activities.

Skills and Interests

To be a geologist you should:

  • have good scientific and technical skills
  • be accurate and attentive to detail, with good observational skills
  • have a methodical approach to problem solving
  • have strong oral and written communication skills
  • have good practical skills for using instruments and technical equipment
  • be able to work and live with others
  • be physically fit with normal colour vision
  • be able to take responsibility for making decisions
  • be aware of health and safety issues
  • be able to interpret statistical and graphical information
  • be willing to travel and stay away from home for long periods.


Entry to the profession is with a first degree in one of the geosciences which include geology, geophysics, geochemistry, petroleum geology, engineering geology and exploration geology, or a related subject. The Geological Society has a list of first degree courses that are accepted as the first stage in becoming a chartered geologist.

Entry to a first degree course requires five GCSEs (A-C)/S grades (1-3) and two A levels/three H grades or equivalent. For most courses English at GCSE (A-C)/S grade (1-3) is essential. Technological subjects and a foreign language are useful. Many universities demand more than the minimum, often three A levels/four H grades. Subjects preferred are physics, chemistry, biology, geology and a maths subject. You should contact individual universities to establish exact requirements.

Degree courses include fieldwork and practical training. If you obtain entry to a degree course with a BTEC/SQA higher national diploma, you may be exempted from part of the course.

For details of qualification equivalents see:

Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (England, Wales and Northern Ireland)
Scottish Qualifications Authority
An Access to Higher Education qualification may also be accepted for entry to certain courses. If experienced in a related field, you may be able to gain recognition of skills through Accredited Prior Learning (APL). Please check with colleges or universities for exact entry requirements.


Geologists are trained at work and via attendance at short courses with self-managed learning. Some employers provide support for their staff to undertake part-time postgraduate courses.

Geologists can apply to the Geological Society for accreditation as chartered geologists. The requirements are an appropriate qualification and a period of relevant work experience.

Many universities offer postgraduate degrees that provide specialised training. Entry to these courses is usually with a good honours degree. One-year taught MSc degree courses provide specialised training. A research degree, usually a PhD, is normally required for a research appointment in industry or for a university or museum post.

The British Geological Survey has programmes of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) for staff at all stages of their career.


There are opportunities for employment in all of the industry sectors previously listed in the work section. Geologists can also work in education. The largest single employer of geologists in the UK is the British Geological Survey, which is part of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC).

Promotion prospects depend on the type and size of the organisation by which you are employed. Larger ones have career structures with promotion depending on annual reviews; organisations which employ small numbers of geologists will have limited opportunities, and promotion is often achieved through moving employer.

Many geologists set up as consultants, or to move into other sectors such as teaching and management.

Annual Income

Figures are intended as a guideline only.

New entrants to the profession earn from £15,000 per year, more if they have a postgraduate degree.
Experienced geologists earn around £30,000 per year.
Those in senior positions such as project leader could earn more than £50,000.

Further information

The Geological Society
Burlington House
Tel: 020 7434 9944

British Geological Survey
Kingsley Dunham Centre
NG12 5GG
Tel: 0115 936 3100

Natural Environment Research Council
Polaris House
North Star Avenue
Tel: 01793 411500

Other Useful Geologist Work Information

We have a section available at this site on Geologist job interview tips that you may find of interest should you wish to brush up your skills in this area and we also have number of career articles that may also be of use to you from within our guides and documents section.

Locations where we feature Jobs include:-
Aberdeen, Berkshire, Aberdeen, Bath, Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Birmingham, Bradford, Bristol, Cambridgeshire, Cardiff, Central London, Cheltenham, Cornwall, Coventry, Derby, Devon, Docklands, Dorset, Dundee, Durham, East Midlands, East Sussex, Edinburgh, Essex, Glasgow, Gloucester, Hampshire, Hertfordshire, Kent, Lancashire, Leeds, Leicester, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Middlesbrough, Midlands and in various parts of the West Midlands

Details of other Geologist Jobs can also be found in other UK wide areas including:-
Milton Keynes, Newcastle, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Norfolk, North London, North Midlands, Northampton, Northamptonshire, Northern Ireland, Northumberland, Norwich, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Plymouth, Salisbury, Scotland, Sheffield, Shropshire, Somerset, South East, South London, South Midlands, Southampton, Staffordshire Surrey, Swansea, Swindon, Telford, Wales, Warwickshire, West End, West London, West Midlands, Worcestershire, York and throughout Yorkshire.

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